Buthus occitanus scorpion venom for sale in the UK. Even though Buthus occitanus scorpions are found throughout the Mediterranean region, a lack of distinctive characteristics has hampered their classification into different subspecies. Yet, stings from this particular scorpion family are reported each year to result in pain followed by various toxic symptoms. In order to determine the toxicity origin of the rare French B. occitanus Amoreux scorpion, we collected several specimens and studied their venom composition using a nano ultra high performance liquid chromatography and matrix assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (nano UHPLC/MALDI-TOF-MS) automated workflow combined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) approach. Buthus occitanus scorpion venom for sale in USA.
Moreover, we compared this dataset to that obtained from highly lethal Androctonus australis and Androctonus mauretanicus scorpions collected in North Africa. As a result, we found that the B. occitanus Amoreux venom is toxic to mice, an observation that is most likely caused by venom components that inhibit voltage-gated sodium channel inactivation. Moreover, we identified similarities in venom composition between B. occitanus scorpions living in the South of France and other Buthidae collected in Morocco and Algeria. As such, the results of this study should be taken into consideration when treating stings from the B. occitanus species living in the South of France. Buthus occitanus scorpion venom for sale cheap.
The exact mechanism of BotIT6 is still unclear. The neuropeptide binds to site 4 of voltage-gated sodium channels. The membrane of the axon is likely to be depolarized. Next, the sodium current is slowed down by BotIT6, which decreases the amplitude of the action potential. Eventually these events lead to paralysis. In artificial environments the effect of BotIT6 is less potent than it is in vivo, which might be explained by other toxic neuropeptides in the venom of the scorpion. These neuropeptide toxins may cooperate to make venom more effective. Another possibility is the presence of other more potent toxins in the venom. These toxins often share many characteristics, which means they partially overlap in binding sites. BotIT6 is known to compete with other neurotoxins, I-AaHIT and I-BotIT2, over the same binding site on the sodium channels for these toxins. Where can i get Buthus occitanus scorpion venom for sale.
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Buy Buthus occitanus venom online with bitcoin. Buthus occitanus, the common yellow scorpion, is a species of scorpion in the family Buthidae. It occurs in the Middle East, North Africa and Europe. B. occitanus is 60–80 mm in length, has a yellow or yellow-brown color and is venomous producing BotIT6 toxin, but its toxicity varies markedly across its range. This scorpion is often found in dry and hot areas with sparse vegetation, where it hides under stones etc. during daytime. It has also been reported from Mediterranean forests in Spain at altitudes above 1000 meters (with snowfall in the winter). The sting in Europe is painful but with only mild toxic effects, however, in Africa it can be fatal. Contact us to Buy Buthus occitanus venom online.
Scorpions are predatory arachnids of the order Scorpiones. They have eight legs, and are easily recognized by a pair of grasping pincers and a narrow, segmented tail, often carried in a characteristic forward curve over the back and always ending with a stinger. The evolutionary history of scorpions goes back 435 million years. They mainly live in deserts but have adapted to a wide range of environmental conditions, and can be found on all continents except Antarctica. There are over 2,500 described species, with 22 extant (living) families recognized to date. Their taxonomy is being revised to account for 21st-century genomic studies. Buy Buthus occitanus venom online with credit card.
Scorpions primarily prey on insects and other invertebrates, but some species hunt vertebrates. They use their pincers to restrain and kill prey, or to prevent their own predation. The venomous sting is used for offense and defense. During courtship, the male and female grasp each other's pincers and dance while he tries to move her onto his sperm packet. All known species give live birth and the female cares for the young as their exoskeletons harden, transporting them on her back. The exoskeleton contains fluorescent chemicals and glows under ultraviolet light. Where to Buy Buthus occitanus venom online.